2024 (21), №1

Semyon Falkner and the Modern Monetary Theory: Contributions to the Russian Tradition in the Theory of Money

Для цитирования:

Неновски, Н. (2024). Семён Фалькнер и современная денежная теория: вклад в российскую традицию теории денег. AlterEconomics, 21(1), 29–57. https://doi.org/10.31063/AlterEconomics/2024.21-1.4

Аннотация:

Данная статья посвящена денежной теории Семена Анисимовича Фалькнера (1890–1938), в ранний советский период известной как теория эмиссионного хозяйства. Теорию Фалькнера можно рассматривать как предшественницу современной денежной теории (СДТ), ставшей популярной в последние десятилетия. В первой части статьи изложены взгляды С. А. Фалькнера, а также противоречия, связанные с его теорией, включая реакцию на нее Ленина. Также рассмотрены вопросы по динамике инфляции и денежной реформе. Далее следует сравнительный анализ теории эмиссионного хозяйства и СДТ, показывающий, что С. А. Фалькнер сформулировал фундаментальные принципы СДТ еще столетие назад. В заключительной части статьи освещены модификации теории С. А. Фалькнера, возникшие в период плановой социалистической экономики и иллюстрирующие преобладание номиналистической традиции в российской теории денег.

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Николай Неновски — профессор, Лаборатория экономики, финансов, менеджмента и инноваций, Университет Пикардии имени Жюля Верна; Университет национального и мирового хозяйства; Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики»; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9544-9024 (Амьен, Франция; София, Болгария; Москва, Российская Федерация; e-mail: nenovsky@gmail.com).

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